Üsküdar University


Journal of Social Sciences

Journal of Social Sciences

Year: 4 - Issue: 7 – November 2018

European Imperialisim and Syrian Resistance (1919-1922):

Similarities and Dİfferences with the Turkish War of Independence (Turkish)


The Ottoman's Burden: Orientalist Influences on

Cenap Şahabettin's Travelogues


A New Religion: Nationalism? (Turkish)


Status of Japanese and Turkish Women

in Society before the Second World War (Turkish)


Scopes to Economies of Scale Approach

in Turkish University Hospitals (Turkish)

Haydar SUR ve Sema ŞENTÜRK

The Law of 4734 Public Procurement According to the EU Directives,

The Case of Corruption and the Audit (Turkish)

Fethi GÜRÜN ve Emel ÖZCAN



Üsküdar University Journal of Social Sciences (ÜSBİD) is a well-known magazine that is being published twice a year in May and November in both Turkish and English.


The purpose of Üsküdar University Journal of Social Sciences is to submit the original studies in the field of social sciences of Turkish and other researchers to readers.


In the Uskudar University Journal of Social Sciences, articles from the areas of Political Science and International Relations, Economics and Administrative Sciences, History, Geography, Law, Security, Sociology, Psychology, Philosophy, Communication Sciences, Fine Arts, Linguistics, Turkish Language and Literature, Health and Educational Sciences are published.

Publication Principles

The opinions of the articles published in Üsküdar University Journal of Social Sciences belong to the author. The articles published in another magazine, book, and so on are not accepted. Notifications provided in national or international conferences, seminars and panels can be taken to the publication process after being specified in the footnote and converted into the article format.

Published academic articles can only be reproduced for educational purposes. The articles, graphics and tables in articles other than educational purposes cannot be duplicated in part or in whole or archived without permission. Quotations may be made from the articles under the condition that they are indicated in the academic publications.

It is assumed that the authors undertake that they will not claim royalties for the articles they have submitted for publication in Üsküdar University Journal of Social Sciences.

Referee's Procession

1. The Journal Editorial Board prepares the submitted articles before the referee procession. The articles that receive the “Referee process can begin” signal, approvals are sent to two experts national or international judgments in the field.

2. If both positive and negative responses are received from the referees, the article will then be sent to a third verdict.

3. If two rejections are given by the referees, the referee reports of “nonissuable judgment” is handed in to the author.

4. In case 'correction decision' is received from the referees, the articles together with the referee report are provided to the author and a maximum of 1 (one) month is allowed to make the necessary corrections.

5. The author must consider the criticism, evaluation and correction of the referee and the Editorial Board.

6. If needed, the revised article might be sent to the same referee and the article that received 'publishable report' from both referees, the Editorial Board shall take the list of “articles to be published” with the content of the journal based on the date of completion of the referee reports.

7. Publications submitted to the journal are not refunded whether they are published or not published.


Prof. Dr. Deniz Ülke Arıboğan

Prof. Dr. Sevil Atasoy



Asst. Prof. İbrahim Arslan

Asst. Prof. Uygar Aydemir

Owner On behalf of Uskudar University

A. Furkan Tarhan



Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Gieler, Friedrich Schiller Jena University

Prof.Dr. Hasan Köni, İstanbul Kültür University

Prof. Dr. Adnan Ömerustaoğlu, Birûni University

Assoc. Prof. Soner Karagül, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Assoc. Prof. Cumhur Taş, Üsküdar University



Asst. Prof. Selin Karana Şenol

Res. Asst. Cemal Cem Anarat

Res. Asst. Salih Bilgin

Res. Asst. Bengi Çakmak

Res. Asst. Ali Ekmekçi



Prof. Dr. Sevil Atasoy, Üsküdar University

Prof. Dr. İsmail Dalay, Üsküdar University

Prof. Dr. Nazım Engin, Piri Reis University

Prof. Dr. Nazife Güngör, Üsküdar University

Prof. Dr. Şükrü Sina Gürel, Yakın Doğu University

Prof. Dr. Kutay Karaca, Nişantaşı University

Prof. Dr. Ümit Özdağ, 21. Century Turkey Institute

Prof. Dr. İbrahim Özdemir, Üsküdar University

Prof. Dr. Selahattin Sarı, Beykent University

Prof. Dr. Ahmet Güner Sayar, Beykent University

Prof. Dr. Abulfaz Suleymanov, Üsküdar University

Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan, Üsküdar University

Prof. Dr. Mehmet Bülent Uludağ, İzmir Kâtip Çelebi University

Assoc. Prof. Sevtap Demirci, Boğaziçi University

Assoc. Prof. Barış Erdoğan, Üsküdar University

Assoc. Prof.İsmail Arda Odabaşı, Üsküdar University

Assoc. Prof. Ateş Uslu, İstanbul University

Asst. Prof. Atahan Kartal, Beykent University

We invite you to send us article to publish on Üsküdar University Journal of Social Sciences (ISSN 2459 – 0223). Üsküdar University Journal of Social Sciences as a refereed journal has been publishing twice a year, on May and November both in Turkish and English. You may access to all of our issues via http://dergipark.gov.tr/uskudarsbd link or on Periodicals tab of Üsküdar University web site http://www.uskudar.edu.tr/tr/dergi/1/sosyal-bilimler-dergisi.

Please subscribe your article using Start a New Submission button on the page below. You may need to create an account to be able to do this action if you don’t have any account on DergiPark.

Papers submitted to Üsküdar University Journal of Social Sciences should not have been published or sent for publication elsewhere.

The copy right of the papers published in the journal belongs to the journal. The author agrees to transfer all copyrights of the paper which has been approved to be published in the journal. Editorial Board sends two copies of the journals to the author in exchange of the copy right. Any re-publication of the published work is subjected to the approval of the journal,

For translations submitted to the journal, publication permission of the author and original of the text are required. Translations shall also be submitted to the approval of the referee similar to copy right issues.

The opinions, thought and proposals within the articles are but reflections of the authors and do not, in any way, represent those of Üsküdar University,


  1. Page layout should be normal, page set up must be 2,5 cm from top, 2,5 cm from bottom, 2,5 cm from left, 2,5 cm from right, gutter 0, header 25 cm, footer 1,5 cm.
  2. Line spacing must be 1.S and 0 pt. except the references. In references, it must be land 0 pt.
  3. Page numbers must be placed at the bottom on the right.


  1. Language of publication is Turkish and English. Corrections regarding to principles are made by editors/co-editors. The most recent edition of the spelling guide of Turkish Language Institution is taken into account for language use, punctuation and abbreviations. The texts submitted must be clear and understandable, and be in line with scientific criteria in terms of language and expression.
  2. In texts which are written in English, there should be a Turkish abstract right after the English one.
  3. The texts submitted to be published must be no less than 5,000 words and no more than 25 pages including the abstracts and references,
  4. Abstracts both in Turkish and English, must be no longer than 300 words including the main title both in English and Turkish and 5 key words for both languages. Short version of title of the text should be indicated in the email which is sent to the editor with the article.
  5. The main title must be 14 pt.,, bold and all in upper-case. The subtitles should be 12pt., bold and with only initials in upper-case.
  6. Name of the author should be 'Times New Roman with a font size of 12 in bold, and should be written under the main title and be centered. Initial of the given name and all letters of the family name should be in upper- case. After surname, superscripted asterisk “O must be added and the information regarding the author must be given by Times New Roman 10 pt and 1 for line space only in the first page's footer as justified.
  7. Abstracts and key words should be in italic.
  8. Text should be justified, in Times New Roman with a font size of 12. Line spacing should be 1.5, and the paragraphs should start with 1.25 left indent.
  9. Footnotes should be justified, in Times New Roman with a font size of 10. Line spacing should be 1 and the text should start with a space after the footnote.


  1. The number of the footnote should be given after the punctuation marks within the text.
  2. Footnotes should be given numerated below the page; citations should not be given within the text.
  3. There should be a space after the footnote number, before the text starts. There is no need an additional space before the upcoming lines.
  4. Full identity of the resources cited shall be given; any uncited resource shall not be presented in the references.
  5. Footnotes from foreign language sources should be given in respect to English spelling. Footnotes from Turkish sources should be given in respect to Turkish spelling rules.
  6. Direct quotes: Direct quotations used within the text should be given by quotation marks (“ ”) and should be cited as suited to footnote system. Quotations less than five lines must be italic and not separate from ongoing text, whereas quotations more than five lines is must be I cm. from the right, and from the left 1,25 cm. (from the point where paragraph starts) indent; it must be italic as a whole unit. For quotations more than five lines line spacing must be 1.15, font must be 11 pt.
  7. Examples on footnote notations are given below.

For the books

(1) Works with single author:

Author's name and surname, Title of the work, if applicable volume number and translator, (Place of the publication: Publisher, Date of the Publication), Page number.

A. Sırrı Levent, Türk Edebiyatı Tarihi, (Ankara: AKDTYK TTK Yayınları 1988), p.23.

(2) Works with two authors:

Name and Surname of the First Author, Name and Surname of the Second Author, Title of the work, if applicable volume number and translator, (Place of the publication: Publisher Date of the Publication), Page number.

Nusret Özcan ve Kemal Aykut, Mustafa Kutlu Kitabı (İstanbul: Nehir Yayınları 2001), p.8.

(3) Works with three or more authors:

Name and surname of the first author, et al,, Title of the work, if applicable volume number and translator, (Place of the publication: Publisher Date ofthe Publication), Page number.

Neclâ Pekolcay et al., İslâmi Türk Edebiyatına Giriş, (İstanbul: Dergâh Yayınları 1981), p.7.

(4) Works with name of the author or editor non-specified:

“Türkiye ve Dünyada Yükseköğretim”, Bilim ve Teknoloji, (İstanbul: TÜSİAD Yayınları 1994), p.81.

(5) Book Chapter:

M. Efe Çaman et al, “Yemen: "Yeni Afganistan mı?” in Dünya Çatışmaları Çatışma Bölgeleri ve Konuları, Volume 1, ed. Kemal İnat, Burhanettin Duran ve Muhittin Ataman, (Ankara: Nobel 2010), p-340.

For the papers

Name and surname of the Author, “Title” (translator, if applicable), name of the journal, year of publication, volume number:, page range, page of the citation.

  1. Papers with one author:

Niu Song, “Ihe Strategic Partnership between South Korea and the United Arab Emirates”, Güvenlik Stratejileri Dergisi, Number: 17, April 2013, pp. 132-136. (If available, the volume number is also written. )

  1. Papers with two authors:

Tom D. Lewisand Gerald Graham, “Seven Tips for Effective Listening, British Journal of Social Work, 2003, 13-35, p.30.

  1. Papers with more than two authors:

Michael Stowe et. al., “Required knowledge, skills and abilities from health care clinical managers” perspectives”, Academy of Health Care Management Journal, 2011, 55-62, p.60.

  1. Works with name of the author non-specified:

“Balkanlarda Türk Varlığı”, Toplumsal Tarih, Volume: X, Number: 7, Mayıs 1990, Ankara p. 8.

  1. Paper from Online Journal:

Add DOI (Digital Object Identifler) number if applicable. DOI number, when added to http://dx.doi. org/ address on a browser, it directs user to the source. If there no URL, add URL.

Dinçer Eşitgin, “Büyüme Romanı (Bildungsroman) Kavramı Etrafında Aşk-ı Memnu ve Roman Kişisi Nihal”, Milli Eğitim Dergisi, 2004, S:162, Erişim S Nisan 2005, http:/ /yayim.meb.gov.tr/yayimlar/ 162 /esitgin.htm

  1. Paper from Daily Newspapers or Journals:

Taha Akyol, “Sosyal Bilim Ödülleri”, Milliyet, 28 Şubat 2005,

Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Robert Pear, “Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote', New York Times, 27 February 2010,

Accessed 28 February 2010, http: / /www.nytimes.com/2010/02/28/us/ politics/28health.html

Daniel Mendelsohn, “But Enough about Me”, New Yorker, 2S January 2010, p.68. (7) Paper from Internet Journal:

Gueorgi Kossinets and Duncan |. Watts, “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network”, American Journal of Sociology, 115, 2009, p. 411, Accessed 28 February 2010, doi:10.1086/599247,


No italics shall be used for headings of non-published 'Theses.

Avni Erdemir, “Muslihu'd-din Mustafa İbn Vefâ Hayatı Eserleri Tesirleri ve Manzum Eserlerinin Tenkidli Metni”, Gazi Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, (Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis), Ankara 1999, 6.30.


  1. Report with Author Specified

Fatma Gök, Öğretmen Profili Araştırma Raporu, (Ankara: Eğitim Bilim ve Kültür Emekçileri Sendikası Yayınları 1999), 6.25.

  1. Report with Author Non-Specified

Arnavutluk Ülke Raporu, (Ankara: TİKA Yayını 1995), p.7.

  1. Report of an Institution, Company or Institute with Author Non- Specified

Dış Politika Enstitüsü, Uluslararası İlişkilerle İlgili Anayasaya Konabilecek Hükümler, (Ankara: Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi Yayınları 1990), s.33.

For the Encydopedias

Ömer C. Saraç, “Kağıt, Milli gelir” Ak İktisat Ansiklopedisi, Cilt:1l, (İstanbul: Ak Yayınları, 1973), ss.20-30.

For the Internet

  1. Web Pages of Public Institutions

Official Website of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey, “G20 Zirvesi kapsamında Suriye'deki insani durum ele alındı”, http:/ /www.mfa.gov.tr/ default.tr.mfa

  1. Messages Sent to Discussion Boards, Forums etc by E-Mail

Abdulvahap Kara, “Kazak Mitolojisinin Dildeki Yansımaları”, (Message: 25), 10 July 2007, http://groups.google.com /group/turk-tarihciler/ browse thread/thread /f8cef971cca8fd7b

Papers Presented in Conferences

Dritan Egro, “Arnavutluk'ta Osmanlı Çalışmaları” XII. Türk Tarih Kongresi, Bildiriler, 4-8 Ekim 1999, Cilt: 1, (Ankara: TTK Yayını, 2002), s.14.


Alev Keskin, 1877-78 Osmanlı-Rus Harbi Harp Tarihi Broşürü, ATASE Publishing, Ankara 2000, p. 7.

Official Publications

Yusuf Sarınay, Ottoman Archives and Ethio-Ottoman Relations, Başbakanlık Printing, Ankara 2001.

Maps and Figures

Kayseri Turizm Haritası, Harita, (Kayseri: Kayseri Valiliği Publishing 2003)


Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Haber Bülteni, (Afyon: Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Yayınları, 1999), 5.8.

Subseguent Footnotes to the Same Source

  1. For the subsequent footnotes to the same source, (author name surname, Ibid.) must be written italic and page number must be written.
  2. If page number is also the same as previous footnotes, only /bid. as italic must be used; if page number is different, then, page number must be written after /bid. Example: Ibid., p.35
  3. If certain author has citations for more than one of his/her pieces, then in the footnotes it must be author's name surname, year of publication and page number; if author has more than one piece in same year, then, the letters of A, B, C must be added to the publication year of the piece. This also must be written as it is, in the bibliography.


  1. Attachments (documents), shall be presented at the end of the text and down below shall be a brief information as to the content of the document and proper citation in line with the relevant criteria.
  1. Other attachments (Table, Figure, Graphs) shall be presented as Additional Table: 1, Additional Graph: 3 and Additional Figure: 7 if indicators other than the text are too many in number; attachments shall be presented after the References. References to these attachments in the text shall absolutely be made as Additional Table: 1, Additional Graph: 3 or Additional Figure: 7. If citation has been made for table, figure, graph or picture, resource shall absolutely be indicated.
  2. Tables within the text should be titled in bold on the table, cited source should be given according to footnote rules.
  3. Figures, graphs and maps within the text should be titled right under, and cited source should be given according to footnote rules.


  1. Bibliography should be written in upper-case and bold, right after the text with two spaces, left aligned and without indents.
  2. References should be alphabetically ordered.
  3. Line spacing should be 1 and there should be a given space after each reference.
  4. Initials of the names and the surnames of the authors should be in upper-case, with other letters in lower-case.
  5. The page range of the paper which is published in a book or a journal should be given at the end of the reference.
  6. Two or more work from the same author should be referenced as follows:
  • The recent work should be written first, with other works following the same order.
  • Name of the author should not be specified for the second and the following works. There should be ------- mark instead of the name.


  1. Publication Board of the Journal sends to two referees of expertise the papers it has found relevant in terms of form and fields for assessment. The paper is accepted for publication if both of the referees are positive. If one referee report is positive while the other one is negative, the paper is sent to at third referee. The papers which have been decided to be reviewed shall be submitted by the author(s) within stated days (including the duration of postal service).  The revised text may be re-examined by the demanding referees should the Journal publication board find necessary.
  2. The papers submitted shall be published within the final decision of the Publication Board following the “can be submitted” approval of the two experts in the field. Authors shall take into account criticisms, assessments and revisions of the referees and the Publication Board. If the author has any points he/she does not agree with, he/she has the right to specify these issues in a separate page within the justification thereof.
  3. The papers, following the approval by the referees, are ordered by the Publication Board, based on dates of completion of referee reports and also based on the scope of the journal.
  4. The opinions, thought and proposals within the articles are but reflections of the authors and do not, in anyway, represent those of Üsküdar University.

Üsküdar University

Altunizade Mah. Haluk Türksoy Sk. No: 14, PK. 34662 Üsküdar/İstanbul/Türkiye

Phone: (0216) 400 22 22 / Ext. No: 2604

Please send your article to http://dergipark.gov.tr/uskudarsbd

For your questions:  uusbd@uskudar.edu.tr