About Department of Turkish Language
The outcome of the course, its purpose and necessity, is expressed in an article in the Journal of Language and Literature as follows:
This course, which was taught at some universities before, was put into compulsory courses at all universities together with Council of Higher Education which was established in 1981. The Turkish Language Course, which was initially taught in 8 semesters, is taught in a total of 60 hours including two hours in the first two semesters since 1991. It can be said that the Council of Higher Education is based on the fact that language education is not provided enough in pre-undergraduate education. As a matter of fact, this situation is as follows in the "Framework Program":
"Grammar and Turkish lessons in primary and secondary education have not been dealt with in sufficient quantity and quality, so students who come to the university have not got the ability to use their language properly and beautifully.
As a result, instability arising from the withdrawal of Turkish Language from various directions for fifty years has also been influenced. This situation manifested itself as an inadequacy for university learning, and it was imperative that the Turkish Language Courses of higher education were put in place." (Üniversitelerde Okutulan Türk Dili Dersi Üzerine, Dr. Hanifi Vural, Dil ve Edebiyat Dergisi, Cilt: XVIII, Sayı: 669, Eylül 2007). The reason for this course being taught in all of the higher education faculties and vocational schools is also valid today. In fact, this justification continues to increase even more today. Because, our students who have completed secondary education are experiencing serious problems in their ability to use Turkish. It is imperative that the students who are in vain condition by completing a certain higher education institution.
It is certain that a graduate student who can use his / her language well will be more successful in his profession than any other non-good peer. From a sociological point of view, we are reaching to a judgment that language is a result of our social life. When it is desired to make a definition for this reason, it is said, "Language is a means of agreement between people". However, culture is another consequence of people living together with society. However, the culture, which is the collective behavioral patterns of the society we live with, is still the most important item. Because culture obtains and keeps, culture alive. In that sense, learning language is equal to learning culture at the same time.
The intent of the course is to gain the ability to use Turkish correctly and beautifully, make Turkish language a unifying and integrating language in teaching and educate young people with a native-language consciousness, ensure that the grammatical topics are understood not as theoretical information but as observations and evaluations to be made from the texts, express students' thoughts, feelings and wishes correctly, raise awareness, to improve their ability to present in front of the community.
They asked Confucius;
What would you do first if you were to govern a nation?
He answered as following:
I would corrected the language. If the language is not correct, the saying is not meant to mean. If the saying is not understood, it cannot be done. If it is not necessary, morality and art become corrupt, and the way of justice is astonished. If the road of justice is astonished, people become idle in weakness and astonishment; therefore, the word spoken must be said correctly. This is more important than anything.
At the end of this course, the student will be able to conceptualize and do the following:
- Function of words in oral and written expression,
- The importance of writing correct words in Turkish,
- Literary texts and methods of analyzing selected sentences and parts from books,
Considering the points that mentioned at the beginning and the aim of the course, the following topics could be handled:
- What is language? Language as a social institution and its place in the life of the nation; language-culture relation.
- The place of Turkish language among the world languages.
- Development and historical stages of Turkish language.
- Present state and spreading areas of Turkish language.
- Classification of sounds and voices in Turkish language.
- The rules about the sound characteristics of Turkish Language and sound information.
- Syllable information.
- Spelling rules and application.
- Punctuation and its application.
- Derivational affixes and application of Turkish language.
- General information about composition.
- Noun and conjugation in Turkish language.
- Expression forms and application in composition.
- Usage of adverbs and prepositions in Turkish.
- Elements, analysis and application of sentence.
- Read and analyze works related to the world of literature and thought and rhetoric practices.
- Written composition types and application.
- Expression and sentence disorders and their correction.
- Rules to be followed in the preparation of scientific writings (such as reports, articles, papers, etc.)
- Development of correct and beautiful writing ability of students based on sample texts selected from Turkish and World literature, thought history and rhetorical practices about it.
Basic Resources of the Course
- İsmail Aksaraylı, Türk Dili, Manisa, 2011
- Dr. Mehmet Sarı, Türk Dili, Okutman Yayıncılık, Ankara, 2011
- Nihad Sami Banarlı, Türkçenin Sırları, Kubbealtı Neşriyat, İstanbul, 2011
- Prof. Dr. Zeynep Korkmaz - İsmail Parlatır - Necati Birinci, Türk Dili ve Kompozisyon, İstanbul, 2010
- Sırrı ER, Etkili ve Güzel Konuşma Sanatı, Hayat Yayınları, 2011
- Prof. Dr. Ertuğrul YAMAN, Susma Sanatı, Akçağ Yayınları, 2012
- Nurettin Demir - Emine Yılmaz, Türk Dili El Kitabı, Grafiker Yayınları, 2010
- Nihad Sami Banarlı, Resimli Türk Edebiyatı Tarihi, MEB, İstanbul, 1987