Platon BC 427 – AC 347
He was the ancient classical Greek philosopher, mathematician and founder of the Athens Academy, which was the first higher education institution in the western world. This academy is also regarded as the beginning of modern university formation today. Plato, together with his mentor Socrates and his student Aristotle, laid the foundations of science and Western philosophy. Plato was a student of Socrates. Much of the information about Socrates was obtained from Plato's dialogues. The philosopher, whose real name was Aristocles, was known and recognized by the Greek name Plato (wide) for his broad shoulders and athletic structure.