Etkileşim (Interaction) Journal

Etkileşim (Interaction) is the Academic Journal of Üsküdar University, Faculty of Communication. The journal is a peer-reviewed, bilingual publication accepting articles in Turkish and English. Etkileşim is published biannually in April-October, available both in printed and on-line versions.


Etkileşim aims to contribute to national and international-level academic interaction through conveying original studies/articles concentrating on communication research, theory and practice as well as intersections with other social and natural sciences.


Etkileşim consists of two parts. First and the main part includes peer-reviewed scientific articles. The second part includes non-peer reviewed academic studies such as article translations, book reviews and essays.


Below is the guideline of Etkileşim, the Academic Journal of Üsküdar University, Faculty of Communication.  

  1. In Etkileşim, opinions, thesis and claims belong to authors and no one can be held responsible.
  1. Any submission must be the original work of the author; has not been published previously, as a whole or in part, either in any kind of medium, printed or electronically, or is soon to be so published.
  1. The works previously submitted in national or international scientific meetings, congresses, conferences, or symposiums can be accepted and included in the referee process if they are transformed into the article format. The author(s) must mention where the conference submission was presented in the footnotes.  
  1. Articles may be reproduced for educational purposes only. Apart from educational purposes; figures, graphs and tables cannot be reproduced or archived partly or wholly without permission.
  1. The authors sign a document showing they agree that authors will not receive any royalties from Üsküdar University for any manuscript.
  1. Uskudar University does not charge any submission or publication fees.


Özge Uğurlu Akbaş, PhD


Gül Esra Atalay, PhD

Pınar Aslan, PhD


Res. Asst. Denizcan Kabaş

Res. Asst. Şükrü Güler

Res. Asst. Besna Ağın


Prof. Aysel Aziz, PhD - Yeni Yüzyıl University

Prof. Billur Ülger, PhD - Yeditepe University

Prof. Filiz Aydoğan, PhD - Marmara University

Prof. Filiz Otay Demir, PhD - Maltepe University

Prof. Hasip Pektaş - Üsküdar University

Prof. Nilüfer Timisi Nalçaoğlu, PhD - İstanbul University

Prof. Peyami Çelikcan, PhD - İstanbul Şehir University

Prof. Sevil Atasoy, PhD - Üsküdar University

Prof. Süleyman İrvan, PhD - Üsküdar University


Prof. Abdülrezak Altun, PhD - Ankara Üniversitesi

Prof. Asaf Varol, PhD - Fırat University

Prof. Ayhan Biber, PhD - Near East University

Prof. Bayram Kaya, PhD - Giresun University

Prof. Defne Özonur, PhD - Yeditepe University

Prof. Deniz Yengin, PhD - İstanbul Aydın University

Prof. Dilruba Çatalbaş Ürper, PhD - Galatasaray University

Prof. Dona Kolar-Panov, PhD - International Balkan University

Prof. Erdal Dağtaş, PhD - Anadolu University

Prof. Figen Gökalp Ebren, PhD - Akdeniz University

Prof. Gülcan Seçkin, PhD - Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University

Prof. Hale Künüçen, PhD - Başkent University

Prof. Halil Nalçaoğlu, PhD - İstanbul Bilgi University

Prof. Hatice Öz Pektaş - Üskudar University

Prof. İbrahim Özdemir, PhD - Üsküdar University

Prof. Korkmaz Alemdar, PhD - Girne Amerikan University

Prof. Mehmet Zelka, PhD - Üsküdar University

Prof. Mithat Baydur, PhD - Okan University

Prof. Mukadder Çakır, PhD - Marmara University

Prof. Mutlu Binark, PhD - Hacettepe University

Prof. Nilgün Tutal Cheviron, PhD - Galatasaray University

Prof. Oğuz Makal, PhD - Beykent University

Prof. Osman Gazi Özgüdenli, PhD - Marmara University

Prof. Ömer Özer, PhD - Anadolu University

Prof. Özden Cankaya, PhD - İstanbul Aydın University

Prof. Özlen Özgen, PhD - Atılım University

Prof. Recep Tayfun, PhD - Başkent University

Prof. Ruhdan Uzun, PhD - Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University

Prof. Serdar Öztürk, PhD - Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University

Prof. Tülay Şeker, PhD - Akdeniz University

Prof. Ümit Atabek, PhD - Yaşar University

Prof. Ruhdan Uzun, PhD - Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University

Prof. Xosé Antonio Neira Cruz, PhD - Universidad de Santiago de Compostela

Prof. Yıldız Dilek Ertürk, PhD - İstanbul University

Assoc. Prof. Ayşe Asker, PhD - Kastamonu University

Assoc. Prof. Aytül Tamer, PhD - Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University

Assoc. Prof. Burak Özçetin, PhD - Bilgi University

Assoc. Prof. Devrim Baran, Trakya University

Assoc. Prof. Dinçer Atlı, PhD - Üsküdar University

Assoc. Prof. Doğan Arslan, PhD - Medeniyet University

Assoc. Prof. Erol İlhan, PhD - Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University

Assoc. Prof. Ertuğrul Kızılkaya, PhD - Istanbul University

Assoc. Prof. Esra İlkay Keloğlu, PhD - Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University

Assoc. Prof. Feride Zeynep Güder, PhD - Üskudar University

Assoc. Prof. Goran Ridic, PhD - University of Applied Management Studies, Mannheim

Assoc. Prof. Gökben Hızlı Sayar, PhD - Üsküdar University

Assoc. Prof. Hadiye Yılmaz Odabaşı, PhD - Üsküdar University

Assoc. Prof. İlker Özdemir, PhD - Çukurova University

Assoc. Prof. Lemi Baruh, PhD - Koç University

Assoc. Prof. Mine Demirtaş, PhD - Beykent University

Assoc. Prof. Muzaffer Şahin, PhD - Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi

Assoc. Prof. Ognjen Riđić, PhD - International University of Sarajevo

Assoc. Prof. Onur Dursun, PhD - Çukurova University

Assoc. Prof. Özgül Dağlı, PhD - Üskudar University

Assoc. Prof. Rocio Ovalle, PhD - Universidad de Santiago de Compostela

Assoc. Prof. Salvatore Scifo, PhD - Bournemouth University

Assoc. Prof. Selva Ersöz Karakulakoğlu, PhD - Maltepe University

Assoc. Prof. Senad Busatlic, PhD - International University of Sarajevo

Assoc. Prof. Viktorija Kafedjiska, PhD - International Balkan University

Assoc. Prof. Zeynep Özarslan, PhD - Rumeli University

Asuman Kutlu, PhD - Beykent University

Aylin Tutgun Ünal, PhD - Üsküdar University

Bahar Muratoğlu Pehlivan, PhD - Antalya AKEV University

Can Diker, PhD - Üskudar University

Cem Tutar, PhD - Üsküdar University

Çeyiz Makal Fairclough, PhD - Beykent University

Ebru Karadoğan Ismayıl, PhD - Üsküdar University

Esennur Sirer, PhD - Üsküdar University

Hale Yaylalı, PhD - Üsküdar University

Jan De Vos, PhD - Ghent University

Nejla Polat, PhD - Üsküdar University

Ömer Osmanoğlu, PhD - Üsküdar University

Övünç Meriç, PhD - İstanbul Şehir University

Özlem Çetin Öztürk, PhD - Üskudar University

Şaha Burcu Baygül Özpınar, PhD - Üskudar University

Tolga Erkan, PhD - Üskudar University

Yıldıray Kesgin, PhD - Üsküdar University

The submitting deadline for sixth issue of Etkileşim is August 21, 2020.

We are waiting for your papers.


Below are the paper submission rules of Etkileşim (Interaction) Üsküdar University Faculty of Communication Academic Journal.

  • Page set up: 2,5 cm from top, bottom, both left and right. In text line spacing should be 1.5. In references, line spacing should be single.
  • Page numbers should be placed at the bottom on the right.
  • The main language of the journal is Turkish, contributions in English are also accepted. Revisions regarding to principles may be made by editors/co-editors. Revisions regarding language use, punctuation and abbreviations will be based on the most recent edition of the spelling guide of Turkish Language Institution.
  • For Turkish written manuscripts, there should be an English abstract followed by the Turkish abstract before the introduction part. For English written manuscripts, there should be a Turkish abstract followed by English abstract before the introduction part.
  • Maximum length of the manuscripts should be 30 pages including the abstracts and references.
  • Abstracts, both in Turkish and English, should be no longer than 300 words including the main title in English and Turkish and five key words for both languages.
  • Title of the article or a clear short version of the title should be indicated in the e-mail which is sent to the editor with article attached.
  • The article title should be 14 point bold, centered and all in upper-case. The subtitles should be left-aligned, 12 point, bold and title case (with first letter of each word in upper-case).
  • Name and surname of the author(s) should be placed under the main title, centered, and surname written in capitals. After surname, superscripted asterisk (*) should be placed and information regarding the author/authors’ institutions, contact information and Orcid numbers must be written in Times New Roman 10 point and single line space that should be seen only in the first page of the article, justified in footer.
  • Abstract heading should be title case, left-aligned, 12 point and bold. Abstracts and Key Words should be 11 point and 1.5 line spaced.
  • Text should be justified, written in Times New Roman 12 points, 1,5 line spacing. New paragraphs should be 1,25” left indented. There should be a single space before the titles within the text.
  • Expressions in the text, such as newspapers, books, magazines, artworks, computer games, mobile applications and brand names should be written in italic.
  • Footnotes should be justified, written in Times New Roman 10 points, single line spacing. Text should start with a space after the footnote.
  • References should be 11 point with single spacing. If the information is longer than a line, the next line(s) should start with 1,25 indent. In cases where more than one work of the same author is used, a straight line is used instead of the author's name in repetitions after the first work.
  • For research in all disciplines and for research requiring an ethical committee decision regarding clinical, experimental, human and animal studies; ethics committee approval must be obtained separately.
  • In order to evaluate the studies, the level of similarity should be less than 20% in Turnitin plagiarism report. Studies with similarity rates above 20% will not be considered.


  • In Üsküdar University Faculty of Communication Academic Journal Etkileşim (Interaction), the only referencing method that can be used is referencing within the main text method, that is to say APA.
  • Therefore, references should be mentioned within the main text by indicating author’s surname, publication date and page number cited within parenthesis (Tarhan, 2006: 125).
  • Extra explanations regarding the main text and other remarks should be given in footnotes. These notes should be numbered within the text as 1, 2, 3 and should be given at the end of the page with respective order and corresponding remarks.
  • The footnotes for the remarks that are given at the end of the page should also be referred with referencing within the main text method, (APA).
  • When quoting in the paper, if a direct quote is less than 40 words, incorporate it into your text and use quotation marks. If a direct quote is more than 40 words, make the quotation a free-standing indented block of text and do not use quotation marks. The quotation should be single spaced.
  • If the author’s name is given in the main text, only the publication year and page number should be given within parenthesis. (2006: 25).
  • If there are two co-authors, both authors’ surname should be mentioned: (Alemdar and Erdoğan, 2007: 19). If there are more than two co-authors, “et. al” should be included (Alemdar et al, 2004).
  • If multiple references are made for the same subject, resources should be separated by semicolon (Geray, 2005: 31; Moran, 2006: 37).
  • Consecutive pages should be referenced as (Baudrillard, 2004: 20, 38 and 52). Non-consecutive pages should be referenced as (Bauman, 2012: 20-24, 48-56).
  • If multiple publications with same author and same publication year will be referenced, these publications should be differentiated by adding a, b, c, etc to the publication year, (McQuail, 1987a: 55) (McQuail, 1987b: 40).
  • If the author is unknown or not mentioned, first words of the study is used in parenthesis. It should be in italic and the date should be mentioned afterwards.
  • It is essential to reach primary sources, however, if can not be reached due to some hardships, the source cited should be mentioned. E.g. (Güngör, 1997: 21 as cited in Storey, 2016: 297).
  • In electronic sources with no author, source’s domain name and publication date should be specified (Radikal, 23 March 2016). The URL will be given only in the references.
  • References to messages in social media accounts must specify the name of the writer and the year in which the message was written. For instance: (Gates, 2013).
  • Archive documents such as State Archives of the Prime Ministry, Ottoman State Archives referred within the text should be specified as (BCA. 30.10 / 1.2.12) or (BOA. DH-SYS. 65/7).
  • Referencing translated works, name of the author is essential, (Fiske, 1996: 25). Translator’s name is specified in the references.
  • If cited from an edited book, author’s name of the article should be specified. Full identity of the edited book including the article should be presented in the references.
  • Attachments (documents), shall be presented at the end of the text and down below should be a brief information as to the content of the document and proper citation in line with the relevant criteria. Other attachments (Table, Figure, Graphs) will be presented as Additional Table: 1, Additional Graph: 1 and Additional Figure 3 after the references.
  • Figures, graphs and maps within the text should be titled right under and cited source should be given according to APA rules.

-Organizing References

  • The list of references should only include the resources, which were referred in the article.
  • According to the APA rules, references should be sorted alphabetically by the surname of the first authors of the sources.

If there exists more than one work of an author with the same date in the references, expressions “a, b, c” should be used to distinguish them from each other and this  should be adhered to in the references in the text and in the references section

  • References should be listed in this order: Author’s surname and first letters of his name, publication date, name of the study (italic), place of publication.
  • The units forming the information are separated from each other by full stop. There are two exceptions to this. Author’s surname and name with comma; publication date publisher’s name are separated with colon.
  • All the works mentioned in references should be title case and in italic.


Book with One Author

Innis, H. (1950). Empire and Communication. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Book with Two Authors

Horkheimer, M. and Adorno, T. W. (1972). Dialectic of Enlightenment. New York: Continuum.

Book with Multiple Authors

Leiss, W., Kline, S., Jhally, S. (1986). Social Communication Advertising. New York: Macmillan.

Translated Book

Barthes, R. (1983). Mythologies. (A. Lavers, trans.). New York: Hill and Wang.

Edited Book

Durham, M. and Kellner, D. (eds.) (2001). Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Maiden, MA: Blackwell.

Chapter/Work in an Edited Book

Graham, A. (1996). “Are You Now or Have You Ever Been? Conspiracy Theory and The X-Files”. D. Lavery, A. Hague, M. Cartwright (eds.) Reading The X-Files. (52-62). Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

Article from a Peer-Reviewed Journal

Thomas, E. R. (2000). “Uses and Gratifications Theory in the 21st Century”. Mass Communication and Society. 3(1). 3-37.

Magazine Article

Tseëlon, E. (1998). Fashion, Fantasy and Horror. Arena. 12. 117.

Newspaper Article with Author:

Laughland, O. (7 May 2018). “Fate of Iran Nuclear Deal at Stake as UK foreign secretary Heads to Washington”. The Guardian.

No Author:

The Australian. (1 October 2009). “Parential Attitude Key to Healthier Drinking Habits”.

Unpublished Thesis/Dissertation

Montes, A. L. G. (2014). The Use and Perception of English in Brazilian Magazine Advertisements (Unpublished Ph.D. thesis). Arizona State University, USA.

Conference Paper/Proceedings

Strömbäck, J. and Luengo, Ó. G. (2006). Framing and Election News Coverage in Spain and Sweden. E. Yüksel (ed.) 4th International Symposium Communication in the Millennium. (75-86). Eskişehir, Turkey: Anadolu University.


Articles with DOI Assigned

West, A. (2011). “Reality Television and the Power of Dirt: Metaphor and Matter”. Screen. 52(1). 63-77. doi:10.1093/screen/hjq050.

Article with no DOI Assigned/Freely Available Online

Haigh, M. M. and  Dardis, F. (2012). “The Impact of Apology on Organization – Public Relationships and Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility”. Public Relations Journal6(1). 2 May 2015.

Web Page/Blog Post

Bordwell, D. (18 June 2013). David Koepp: Making the World Movie-Sized. 11 January 2016.

Newspaper Article (with author)

Sullivan, M. (28 July 2014). “It’s Time to Push Back When Government Controls the Message”. The New York Times. 21 March 2017.

Newspaper Article (no author)

Reuters. (13 October 2013). “The Top Films at the North American Box Office”. 7 November 2014.

Citing Social Media

Gates, B. (26 February 2013). 1 August 2016.

Online Dictionary

“Working Class”. (2014). Encyclopedia of Social Media and Politics. Washington: CQ Press. 17 December 2015.

Online Encyclopedia

Friend, C. (n.d). “Social Contract Theory”. J. Fieser ve B. Dowden (eds.) Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 28 June 2014.


“Post-Structuralism”. (n.d). Wikipedia. 14 July 2013.

Audiovisual Media

Motion Picture/Video/DVD

Bernstein, R., Rae, D., Loader, K. (Producers), Taylor-Wood, S. (Director). (2010). Nowhere Boy [Motion picture]. UK: Icon Film Ltd.

YouTube video

ChallengingMedia. (4 October 2006). Representation & the Media: Featuring Stuart Hall [Video]. 25 December 2006.

Year 3 | Issues 5 | April 2020
Year 2 | Issues 4 | October 2019
Year 2 | Issues| April 2019
Year 1 | Issues| October 2018
Year 1 | Issues| April 2018


Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Özge Uğurlu Akbaş


Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Gül Esra Atalay

Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Pınar Aslan


Arş. Gör. Denizcan Kabaş

Arş. Gör. Şükrü Güler

Arş. Gör. Besna Ağın

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