"Brain chip seems promising in the treatment of depression and OCD"
Noting that the developing field of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology may allow individuals who cannot speak and/or use their limbs to re-communicate, Head of the Department of Software Engineering Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel emphasized that “this technology may also enable the operation of assistive devices to walk and manipulate objects".
Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel stated that "Brain-computer interfaces can also be useful for rehabilitation and other disorders after stroke."
Psychiatrist Prof. Nevzat Tarhan said, "The treatment of depression and OCD is promising in the future of the brain chip. It will even be possible to repair the wave function of impaired regions in the brain with Radio Frequency (RF) at a distance. A little more time is needed."
Elon Musk, the founder of Neuralink, announced that this is the first time a brain chip has been implanted in a human.
Üsküdar University Advisor to the Rector, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences Software Engineering Department Head Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel informed about brain-computer interface (BCI) technology.
With "NPModel", a preliminary diagnosis of psychiatric disorders can be made
Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel noted that Üsküdar University, which has implemented its clinical infrastructure with Brain Computer Interface (BCI) studies on artificial intelligence applications in health, has been able to make a preliminary diagnosis of psychiatric diseases and predict the treatment response of diseases with high accuracy with "NPModel", for which it has applied for an international patent. Giving information about the studies, Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel expressed that "We carry out R&D focuses such as Neuromodulation Therapies, Neurogenetic Studies, autism, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's Research and Virtual Reality Programs in Health with students with more than 80 research laboratories, application and research centers, especially Türkiye's first personalized treatment and advanced toxicology laboratory."
What opportunities are offered to students?
Stating that Üsküdar University offers its students application and clinical opportunities in subjects such as brain stimulation, neuro-imaging laboratories and health physics, as well as BCI and artificial intelligence studies in health informatics, which is one of the important professions of the future, Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel stated that "Brain activity, electroencephalogram (EEG), magnetoencephalogram (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), electrocorticogram (ECoG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) It can be monitored using different approaches."
Brain-computer interfaces receive and analyze brain signals
Noting that BCIs (brain computer interface) are generally intended to investigate, map, assist, increase or repair human cognitive or sensory-motor functions, Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel continued his remarks as follows:
"Brain-computer interfaces receive brain signals, analyze them, and convert them into commands that are sent to output devices that perform desired actions. BCIs do not use normal neuromuscular exit pathways. The main function of the BCI is to replace or restore the beneficial functions of patients with disabilities due to neuromuscular disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cerebral palsy, stroke or spinal cord injury. Electroencephalography-based text writing uses electroencephalographic, intracortical, electrocorticographic, and other brain signals for the control of robotic arms, prosthetics, wheelchairs, or other physical devices."
Brain-computer interfaces may also be useful for post-stroke rehabilitation and other disorders
Stating that brain-computer interfaces can also be useful for rehabilitation and other disorders after stroke, Ergüzel said that "After animal experiments, the first neuroprosthetic devices implanted in humans emerged in the mid-1990s; however, BCI studies have achieved a high level of success with the latest EEG-focused studies and new features and machine learning algorithms."
It greatly excites scientists, engineers, clinicians, and the public
Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel stated that brain-computer interface technology is the focal point of a rapidly growing research and development initiative that greatly excites scientists, engineers, clinicians and the public in general, and said: "Together with the Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Systems Application and Research Center (YAZAMER), which was established within Üsküdar University and draws attention with the big data-oriented studies and applications in health, NPİSTANBUL Hospital With the studies carried out by the study group consisting of psychiatrists in the Neurotechnology and Bioinformatics Laboratory, they have revealed new neural biomarkers for common diseases such as MDD, OCD, ADHD, autism, bipolar disorder by using high-resolution MR and EEG data, and developed models that predict treatment outcomes in patients diagnosed with depression.
What is NPModel?
Informing on the NPModel, Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel made the following statements:
"NPModel is a decision-making infrastructure built on the knowledge of Üsküdar University and NPİSTANBUL Hospital under the leadership of President of Üsküdar University and Psychiatrist Prof. Nevzat Tarhan. BraiNP is a predictive architecture with diagnostic and prognostic model components. Diagnostic models use a deep learning-based framework for feature extraction and classification. The inputs are preprocessed neuroimaging raw data, while the output of the predictive model is the classification accuracy for the classes. Prognostic models use deep learning-based structure to create a model that aims to predict the risk of a specific future outcome for a specific subject for a given treatment. We believe that the interface, with its structure and vision, will offer promising results and great potential for precision medicine applications in clinical research and practice."
Miraculous improvements for those who cannot speak and/or use their limbs
Noting that the emerging field of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology may allow individuals who cannot speak and/or use their limbs to re-communicate or operate assistive devices to walk and manipulate objects, Prof. Türker Tekin Ergüzel concluded his remarks as follows:
"Brain-computer interface research is supported by high public awareness. Brain-computer interfaces are a common area of BCI application that includes assistive applications that classify the user's intention to communicate with or to control external devices by monitoring real-time brain activity while also providing real-time information to the client and using neurobiofeedback applications as a process of rewarding central nervous system activity in an operant conditioning paradigm.
Studies are carried out to gain the ability to control cognitive and behavioral physiology with the Neurobiofeedback laboratory established within our university for neurobiofeedback applications that aim to gain the ability to control cognitive and behavioral physiology by making the individual conscious by monitoring the normal and abnormal bioelectrical reactions in the brain, which are not consciously noticed by the clients, with the help of a BCI-supported interface.”
Depression and OCD treatment are promising in the future of the brain chip...
President of Üsküdar University, Psychiatrist Prof. Nevzat Tarhan said and evaluated that "The future of the brain chip is promising in the treatment of Depression and OCD. It will even be possible to repair the wave function of impaired regions in the brain with Radio Frequency (RF) at a distance. A little more time is needed..."
Üsküdar News Agency (ÜNA)